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Polycystic ovary syndrome and its treatment

Polycystic ovary syndrome and its treatment

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is very common in women of childbearing age and is a major cause of infertility, resulting in their inability to ovulate. Benign cysts that develop in the ovaries can lead to excessive hair growth, excess weight, acne, as well as menstrual disorders. The disease can be controlled. Eat and exercise under the supervision of a dietitian and appropriate medical care.


What is PCOS?

PCOS is a major ovulatory problem in women, occurring in 1 in 10 women. This problem is common in women of childbearing age and manifests itself in the form of benign cysts that appear in the ovaries. Diagnosed on imaging with more than 10 cysts smaller than 1 cm, PCOS can lead to ultrasound, an imaging technique that can lead to infertility, diabetes, coronary artery disease, and blood pressure disorders, if left untreated in women of age childbearing. .

How does PCOS develop?

The ovaries that are used for reproduction in a woman develop a mature egg suitable for fertilization during menstruation. The egg develops and matures in a fluid-filled sac called a follicle. A woman’s follicle is plucked every month, and it grows and ovulates. In women with PCOS, this follicle cannot be selected, so ovulation does not occur every month. On ultrasound, the ovary shows many pustules containing immature eggs, that is, many cysts.

What situations should you suspect of polycystic ovary syndrome? 

Polycystic ovary syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome

It turns out that about 20 percent of women who apply to IVF centers have problems ovulating. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the biggest ovulation problem in women who see a specialist. Women with irregular menstruation, weight gain, and hair growth should be diagnosed after a physical exam and ultrasound. During puberty, irregular periods can sometimes seem normal. However, with lab tests and imaging technology, the disorder can be detected in teenage girls with irregular periods.

What are the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome? 

Puberty After one or two cycles No menstrual periods Irregular periods (less than 35 days) Abnormal bleeding

Excessive blisters on the face and back, significant changes in skin tissue, tearing of the hands. Polycystic ovary syndrome is a particular cause of frequent acne, especially in your twenties.

Because of this disease, it is believed that excessive body hair growth and darkening of the voice are caused by male (male) hormones. Every woman has a certain percentage of testosterone that increases during this period which leads to hair growth and a thickening of the voice.

Because of PCOS, high levels of androgens in the body can bind to receptors (receptors) in hair follicles, causing hair loss in men.

In particular, breast size can decrease over time due to a decrease in female hormones and an increase in male hormones.

Infertility is a major symptom during pregnancy. This problem occurs in 10% of girls and is one of the main causes of infertility.

Excessive weight gain. Half of women with PCOS are overweight.

What causes PCOS?

Despite numerous clinical and experimental studies, the exact cause of the disease is unknown. However, it is suspected that the disease is caused by the hormone insulin, which regulates carbohydrate metabolism. Being overweight is thought to lead to insulin resistance, which can lead to PCOS. Insulin and hormones are necessary to get sugar, the body’s most important food source, from the bloodstream to the body’s cells (muscle, fat, and liver cells) for energy secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas. High levels of insulin in the body along with insulin resistance lead to increased production of male hormones (androgens) in the ovaries.

How is PCOS treated? 

When planning treatment, these patients should lose weight to reach their ideal weight under the supervision of a dietitian. If necessary, the diabetes drug metformin is used during this time to reduce insulin resistance. There may be a significant improvement in numbers due to medication and weight loss, and pregnancy may sometimes be possible that happens spontaneously after the ovulation problem has disappeared. However, if menstrual irregularities persist after these procedures, ovulation stimulants and hormone injections can be given. An attempt is made to establish a pregnancy by suggesting the natural mating of eggs that develop as a result of this follow-up or through vaccination.

If you cannot get pregnant, artificial insemination is recommended.

Tips for a woman with polycystic ovary syndrome

It is important for women with PCOS not to follow up on their gynecology after pregnancy and to continue with annual checkups. In these patients, certain diseases, especially diabetes, may develop in old age. To prevent this, excessive weight gain should be prevented and regular exercise is recommended. If necessary, medications should be provided for normal menstruation.

Frequently asked questions about polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome, polycystic ovary syndrome

I take medicine for diabetics, is there any harm to my body?

The drug metformin, mentioned in diabetes, is used in many women with PCOS to induce ovulation. Additionally, studies have shown that the drug may reduce the risk of miscarriage in pregnant women.

Is there a cure for this disease?

There is no definitive cure for PCOS. In diseases caused by many factors, weight control that can be achieved through medication and diet reduces complaints.

Besides infertility, are there other negative consequences of this disease?

One of the main consequences of PCOS is that the body develops insulin resistance. Many women develop long-term diabetes due to long-term insulin resistance. It has been proven that the risk of developing high blood pressure and heart disease is caused by this disease.

Is there any harm from irregular or irregular menstruation?

The body is chronically exposed to the high effects of estrogen, as the disease causes poor ovulation in women who suffer from irregular or absent menstruation. Progesterone is secreted after ovulation under the influence of estrogen, which can lead to uterine cancer

Is there a good side to this disease?

In the studies conducted, it was found that women with PCOS had better ovaries (higher AMH values) and that these patients retained eggs better than postmenopausal women, even at a later age.





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