Sleep disorder or insomnia is a condition that includes difficulty sleeping continuously for long hours at night, and is one of the most common medical problems in adults who suffer from insomnia and wake up frequently or have difficulty entering a sleep cycle that affects their performance during the day at work or any other activity
Causes of insomnia
The main reasons include the following:
Medications that may affect sleep include: antidepressants, heart and blood pressure medications, allergy medications, steroids, and corticosteroids.
2. Caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol
Coffee, tea, cola, and other caffeinated beverages are known to be stimulants.
3. Medical problems
Chronic pain from breathing problems or frequent urination can lead to insomnia. Other medical problems associated with insomnia include:
- Congestive heart failure (CHF – congestive heart failure).
- diabetes mellitus;
- Lung diseases.
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
- Parkinson’s disease.
- Alzheimer’s disease.
4. Acquired insomnia
This type can appear in cases of severe anxiety from excessive sleep deprivation. Most people with acquired insomnia sleep better when they are not in the natural environment or trying to sleep, such as watching TV or reading a book.
5. Aging and aging
Insomnia is more common in older adults because you may experience older changes that affect sleep, including:
- Changes in sleep patterns:
Sleeping is often more difficult in older adults because NREM – NREM stages 1 and 2 take longer, stages 3 and 4 take less time, stage 1 is a nap, stage 2 is light sleep, and stage 3 is deep sleep Relaxing and gentle. The type of sleep because the easier it is to fall asleep, the easier it is to wake up. With age, the biological clock progresses, that is, getting tired earlier, and getting up early, but older people still need the same amount of sleep. Bedtime for young people.
- Changes in activity level:
Older people are sometimes less physically and socially active.
- Changes in health status:
Chronic pain from arthritis or back problems, depression, anxiety and stress can interfere with sleep.
6. Other sleep disorders
For example, sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome (RLS) become more common with age. Uncontrollable excitement, more than likely prevent sleep.
Insomnia causes and risk factors
Everyone can find it difficult to fall asleep at times, but sleep disturbances increase when:
Women are more likely to suffer from insomnia than men, and the hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle and menopause play a role, as a large number of women complain of various sleep disorders before pregnancy. Menopause and menopause.
Night sweats and heat waves often lead to sleep disturbances, and a lack of estrogen in postmenopausal women is thought to contribute to sleep problems.
2. Over 60 years old
Insomnia increases with age due to changes in sleep patterns, and some estimates suggest that insomnia occurs in about half of people over the age of 60.
3. Psychological disorder
Many mental disorders, including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder (formerly known as bipolar disorder) and post-traumatic stress disorder, can cause disturbed sleep and early morning awakenings as hallmark symptoms of depression.
4. Tension and pressure
Extremely stressful events can cause temporary insomnia. Severe or persistent stress can lead to chronic insomnia. Poverty and unemployment increase the risk of insomnia.
5. Night work or shifts
Night work or frequent shifts often increases the risk of insomnia.
6. Travel long distances
Changes in biological body systems caused by jet lag when flying fast from one region to another, as well as jet lag caused by switching between time zones, can lead to insomnia.
Also read: Sleep Apnea – Symptoms and Causes